Review of the humanitarian response and strategic planning for recovery and reconstruction in Gorkha – Nepal
The two-day workshop on âReview of the humanitarian response and strategic planning for the recovery and reconstruction of Gorkhaâ was held in Pokhara on November 27-28, 2015. The workshop has two main objectives: reviewing the humanitarian response after the earthquake; formulation of strategic planning for recovery in Gorkha. It has become crucial to bring together members of parliament, DDRC members, political parties, government ministries of Nepal, government agencies, media, UN agencies, I / NGOs and donors / multilateral organizations on a single platform with the goal of empowering the resilient community. and reconstruction of destroyed infrastructure struck by a powerful earthquake, magnitude 7.6 epicenter, Barpak VDC of Gorkha district on April 25, 2015. The workshop was organized by the District Disaster Relief Committee (DDRC) Gorkha with financial support and technical from United Nations Development Program, Catholic Relief Services / Caritas, OXFAM, People in Need and Eco Nepal. In total, eleven presentations and group work sessions and three round tables were carried out during the workshop.
At the start of the session, the secretary of DDRC, Mr. Prem Raj Giri, presented all the humanitarian response activities carried out by the government and non-governmental actors in the district, it was presented that 470 people had lost their way. life, 1348 people were injured in the neighborhood. He further highlighted the activities carried out by the DDRC. Highlights of the first day included presentations by group leaders working in Gorkha for earthquake response and recovery.
Representatives of organizations working in different areas, such as early recovery, WASH, health,
Education, accommodation, protection, camp coordination and management, logistics, food security, discussed their challenges and lessons learned in the humanitarian response, and made important recommendations. The early recovery cluster is headed by the District Chief Engineer, District Technical Office, Mr.
Sahadev Bahadur Bhandari and co-led by UNDP. Mr. Bhandari highlighted activities in three pillars such as debris removal and management, community infrastructure and livelihood restoration, restoration of essential local services. A total of 92 programs were implemented by 14 agencies for 203,825 beneficiaries in 37 CVDs in the district. The Wash cluster is led by WSSDO Gorkha Senior Division Engineer, Mr. Narayan Prasad Acharya, and co-led by Care Nepal. 27 agencies were dedicated covering 59 VDC for 54,208 hygiene kits, 9,405 emergency toilets, 139.5 km of HDPE pipes for emergencies and 300 water tanks were provided. The Shelter cluster is led by DUDBC and co-led by the IFRC. They provided CGIs and toolkits in 8991 HH, 57776 HH received cash grants under this cluster. The education cluster is led by the district education office and co-led by UNICEF, as part of the education cluster 16 VDC schools supported where 63 schools have benefited from eight different organizations for the reconstruction of classrooms and distribution of textbooks. The Health and Nutrition cluster covered all the CVDs and municipalities in the district. Under this cluster, relevant reproductive health, mental health, nutrition, injury assistance and rehabilitation programs were delivered by 28 organizations.
The presence of the Protection Cluster programs is in 34 District CVDs, which is led by the District Women and Children Protection Office and co-led by World Vision International and UNICEF together. The Camp Coordination and Management Cluster is led by Senior Divisional Engineer, Mr. Shyam Kishor Singh, DUDBC and co-led by IOM which covers 17 VDC. The management of camps for displaced populations, the construction of toilets, the distribution of blankets and tarpaulins, the distribution of essential goods and items for emergency installation were provided under this module. The logistics cluster delivered 177 tonnes and 3,183 tonnes of relief items transported respectively by helicopter and by road, where 1,300 flights were flown. WFP managed and worked as the focal agency for the logistics cluster. It is present in 66 VDC of the district. The food security cluster is led by DADO and co-led by Save the Children and PIN. The main deliverables of this cluster are seed distribution, agricultural technology and tools, emergency food supply and unconditional cash grants. It covered 64 VDC in the district.
The presentations were followed by a round table with representatives of agencies / organizations. The focus of the first day was the presentation on Post-Disaster Needs Assessment by the District Chief Engineer, Mr. Sahadev Bahadur Bhandari. He proposed an approximate budget of Rs 30.32 billion for recovery and reconstruction works which included infrastructure,
Social, forestry, agricultural, industrial and other sectors.
The second day mainly focused on priorities for future recovery and reconstruction interventions that could be a strategic point for recovery and reconstruction planning. Sector participants defined specific priorities within specific sectors, namely economic development;
Governance ; Development of infrastructure, social sector; Land use, forest and environment. The economic development group formulated four main priorities such as: program to improve sustainable livelihoods, ensure food security at household level, agricultural infrastructure, revitalization of tourism and revitalization of small industries and small industries. The main problems of the governance group are: lack of guidelines and appropriate procedures for recovery and reconstruction, common understanding of political parties and the public, lack of knowledge about existing laws, procedure and accountability of non-state actors, the appropriate implementation of the monitoring and evaluation mechanism, transparency in providing public services specifically in remote areas. The education subgroup participated in the removal of debris from schools and colleges, salvage from schools. The Health sub-group focused on the provision of necessary hospital beds, potable water in health facilities, medical instruments and supplies, provision and satisfaction of health workers / doctors in centers health / hospitals. The sub-groups for the protection of children, women and people with disabilities prioritize children orphaned by the earthquake, address disability issues, domestic violence. The Infrastructure group prioritized shelter / housing, transport and WASH. Likewise, the environment and forestry sector has given priority to plantations, the promotion of alternative energies and ecotourism, the review of the DPRP and the management of displaced communities.
The presentations and discussions suggested that Gorkha is now gradually moving towards the recovery phase. Many participants stressed the importance of the specific Gorkha plan and expressed their commitment to making the âGorkha modelâ a success. The lessons, recommendations, priorities and commitments expressed by various stakeholders and the way forward for recovery planning were the key output of the workshop, and these were combined in the Pokhara Declaration.